Successful conception can depend on different factors, such as healthy sperm, which should be able to travel all the way to the mature egg for fertilization. However, some men have low sperm count, which results in a decreased chance for a woman to become pregnant. Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) may be able to help with that. ICSI fertility treatment is found to be helpful in treating male factor infertility, particularly low sperm motility and low sperm count. Likewise, it is found necessary for treating zero sperm count, which is also known as azoospermia.
How it’s done
ICSI fertility treatment is provided with IVF treatment. In this multi-step procedure, ovulation is promoted in the woman before the mature eggs are collected and then fertilized in a lab. The ICSI process may include collecting the sperm sample from the man to cleanse and isolate the healthiest, strongest sperm to be introduced to the mature egg. In case the man is unable to produce enough sperm because of obstructive azoospermia or any other reason, the fertility specialist can collect directly from his epididymis or testes.
In ICSI fertility treatment, eggs are held using a micro instrument while the sperms are micro-injected into each egg with a micro injection needle. This way, healthy sperm can directly fertilize them. The fertilized eggs should then grow into embryos, which will be matured in an IVF lab for three to five days before being transferred to the woman’s uterus via guided embryo transfer.
More to ICSI
In the case of repeated failure in IVF or ICSI fertility treatment, intracytoplasmic morphologically selected sperm injection (IMSI) may be administered. This time, the sperm will be magnified several times to check their inner micro structures before they are injected into the egg. This way, there is a higher chance at conception.
Both IMSI and ICSI may enhance the success rates of couples in becoming pregnant where male factor infertility, poor sperm motility, and low sperm count are involved. Just be sure to have the procedure conducted by a reputable and experienced infertility specialist.