Aside from IUI and IVF, ICSI fertility treatment is also one of the most recommended medical procedures for couples who are struggling with infertility. ICSI stands for Intra Cytoplasmic Sperm Injection, and is a new treatment for male factor infertility. ICSI treats azoospermia or zero sperm count, as well as low sperm count and low sperm motility.

ICSI fertility treatment helps couples to give themselves the best chance of conceiving their children and becoming parents. Here’s how this procedure works.

Collection of egg cells and sperm cells

Like IVC, ICSI fertility treatment also involves collecting a woman’s eggs through Trans Vaginal Oocyte Retrieval and a male’s semen sample. If the male is diagnosed with Obstructive Azoospermia and is unable to collect a semen sample, a specialist will get them directly from the epididymis instead.


In a typical In Vitro Fertilization treatment, the egg and the sperm cells are placed together in a special container where sperm is anticipated to get into the egg and fertilise it. This is not exactly the same as ICSI fertility treatment. In this procedure, the embryologist injects the sperms directly into the individual female eggs using a microinjection needle, facilitating direct fertilization. Also, in ICSI, only the healthiest, strongest, and most viable sperm cells are chosen.

Egg fertilisation and embryo transfer

When the eggs are fertilised and then grow into embryos, they are transferred to the IVF lab for 3 to 5 days. After that, the embryo is transferred into the wife’s uterus.

Higher chances of pregnancy

Because the sperm is introduced directly into the egg, the chances of success are higher as compared to IVF. Reports show that 85% of ICSI procedures result in successful pregnancies. ICSI’s are recommended not only for a male suffering from low sperm count, but also for those who had an irreversible vasectomy. It is also another option for couples who have tried and failed at standard IVF treatments.

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