Intracytoplasmic sperm injection, better known as ICSI, is a fertility treatment specifically for men. Male factor infertility due to low sperm count or low sperm motility is common among men beyond the age of 40. A recent study found that the number of motile sperm can start decreasing at 34 years of age. This means that the chances of conceiving are significantly reduced.
Fortunately, some clinics specialize in ICSI fertility treatments. If you’re considering an ICSI treatment, it’s important to familiarize yourself with the different tests you must undergo before the procedure:
- The size and shape of the woman’s uterine cavity are first examined via a method called hydrosalpingoscopy. Another option is hysteroscopy, which is the examination of the uterine cavity with the use of a small telescope and light.
- Blood tests are also necessary before you can receive an ICSI fertility treatment. The blood tests are used for examining one’s thyroid hormones, prolactin levels, blood group, and Rh factor.
- A test for infectious diseases such as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), chlamydia, and syphilis is also conducted.
- The man’s semen is then evaluated for their structure, concentration, functionality, and sperm motility.
- The woman’s eggs are collected through Trans Vaginal Oocyte Retrieval, while the man’s sperm is collected in a semen collection jar. If the man is unable to produce a semen sample, the sperm is directly collected from his testes or epididymis.
Once you are deemed eligible through these tests, you can undergo ICSI fertility treatment. ICSI is best for cases where the sperm is frozen or obtained from testicular sperm extraction. It’s also a good option when an oocyte belongs to a woman over 40 years of age. Whatever the case, the advice of a fertility specialist is essential. Make sure to schedule an appointment with a reliable fertility clinic in your area.